What is Matsukawa-Hada(松皮肌)? Matsukawa-Hada refers to a kind of large ITAME-HADA(板目肌), which resembles the bark of a pine tree. The outline of the Hada texture stands out clearly. Norishige(則重) [...]


What is Konuka-Hada(小糠肌)? Konuka-Hada refers to the Hada(肌) pattern which looks like rice bran. It’s very similar to NASHIJI-HADA(梨子地肌), but with less NIE(沸) and the Hada looks more [...]


What is Mokume-Hada(杢目肌) ? Mokume-Hada means the oval grain pattern that looks like an annual ring of the tree. In most cases, this pattern appears in ITAME-HADA(板目肌) partially.


What is Ayasugi-Hada(綾杉肌)? Ayasugi-Hada refers to a Hada(肌) pattern, which has multiple wavy lines. This pattern is also called Gassan-Hada(月山肌) because it is seen in the swords by Gassan [...]


What is Nashiji-Hada(梨子地肌)? Nashji refers to the Hada(肌) pattern which looks like the skin of a pear. Koto(古刀) have the pattern apparent strongly, on other hands, in Shinshinto(新々刀), the grain is [...]


What is Masame-Hada(板目肌)? Masame refers to the Hada(肌) pattern which has multiple lines running along the blade. This pattern is common in the 5 schools of YAMATO Tradition.


What is Itame-Hada(板目肌)? Itame refers to the Hada(肌) pattern resembling wooden boards. It is the most common pattern seen in all Japanese swords regardless of the time. The fine grained one is [...]


What is Hada(肌)? Hada is the grain pattern of a blade, which is formed during the forging process. The pattern results from how many time the swordsmith folded the steel and what technique he has [...]

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