Shape of Sword : Periodical Comparison

japanese sword shape comparison

The shape of the Japanese sword has undergone many changes in accordance with the combat method of the time, for example, when the Samurai battled on horseback, the Japanese swords of the time was long and curved noticeably.
Understanding shape differences is an important part of Japanese sword appraisal. The following breakdown shows the average cutting edge length, the size and the type of Sori, the average width and the Kissaki for each period.

Period Cutting Edge Sori Width Kissaki
1100-1221 75 – 80 cm Shallow and Koshi Narrow and Tapered Small
1222-1289 75 – 80 cm Deep and Wa Wide and Untapared IKUBI
1290-1333 80- 85 cm Deep and Wa Narrow and Untapared Medium
1334-1393 85 – 90 cm Medium and Wa Wide and Untapared Large
1394-1466 73 – 76 cm Deep and Saki Wide and Untapared Small
1467-1595 64 cm Shallow and Saki Wide and Untapared Medium
1568-1615 73 – 76 cm Shallow and Saki
Wide and Untapared Large
1661-1681 70 cm Shallow and Saki Medium and Untapared Medium
1688-1704 70 cm Deep Medium and Untapared Medium
1853-1867 75 – 79 cm Medium Narrow and Untapared Medium
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end of edo japanese sword