JAPANESE SWORD GLOSSARY A to Z

The glossary is here to help you better understand important terms and background of Japanese sword. the terms listed below are sorted alphabetically.

 

A

ASHI(足)

AYASUGI-HADA(綾杉肌)


B

BIZEN Tradition(備前伝)

BOHI(棒樋)

BOSHI(帽子)


C

CHIKEI(地景)

CHOJI(丁子)


E

EDO-YAKIDASHI(江戸焼出し)


F

FUKURA(ふくら)

FUKURE(脹れ)


G

GAKU-MEI(額銘)

GENDAITO(現代刀)

GUNOME(互の目)

GYAKU-TAKANOHA(逆鷹の羽)


H

HADA(肌)

HAGIRE(刃切れ)

HAKIKAKE(掃掛け)

HAKOBA(箱刃)

HA-MACHI(刃区)

HAMON(刃文)

HIRA-JI(平地)

HIRA-ZUKURI(平造)

HITATSURA(皆焼)

HONAMI(本阿弥)

HYOTAN-BA(瓢箪刃)


I

ICHIMAI BOSHI(一枚帽子)

IKUBI-KISSAKI(猪首切先)

IORI-MUNE(庵棟)

ITAME-HADA(板目肌)


J

JIZO(地蔵)

JUKA-CHOJI(重花丁子)

JUMONJI-YARI(十文字槍)

JUZU-BA(数珠刃)


K

KAEN(火焔)

KAERI(返り)

KAKU-MUNE(角棟)

KANMURI-OTOSHI(冠落とし)

KARASU-GUCHI(烏口)

KATAKIRIHA-ZUKURI(片切刃造)

KATA-SUJIKAI(片筋違)

KATANA(刀)

KATATEUCHI(片手打ち)

KAWAGANE(皮鉄)

KAZU-UCHI(数打ち)

KESHO(化粧)

KEN(剣)

KINSUJI(金筋)

KINZOGAN-MEI(金象嵌銘)

KIRI(切)

KIRIHA-ZUKURI(切刃造)

KISSAKI(切先)

KITAE-WARE(鍛え割れ)

KOBUSHI-CHOJI(拳丁子)

KOGAI(笄)

KOGATANA(小刀)

KO-MARU(小丸)

KONUKA-HADA(小糠肌)

KOSHIBA(腰刃)

KOTO(古刀)

KUICHIGAIBA(喰違刃)

KUWANA-UCHI(桑名打ち)


L

List of Japanese Sword Periods


M

MACHIOKURI (区送り)

MARU-MUNE(丸棟)

MASAME-HADA(柾目肌)

MATSUKAWA-HADA(松皮肌)

MEI(銘)

MEKUGI(目釘)

MEKUGI-ANA(目釘穴)

MIDARE-KOMI(乱れ込み)

MINO Tradition(美濃伝)

MISHINA BOSHI(三品帽子)

MITSU-MUNE(三つ棟)

MIZUKAGE(水影)

MOKUME-HADA(杢目肌)

MONOUCHI(物打ち)

MUMEI(無銘)

MUNE(棟)

MUNE-MACHI(棟区)


N

NAKAGO(茎)

NAGAMAKI(長巻)

NAGINATA(薙刀)

NAGINATA-NAOSHI(薙刀直し)

NASHIJI-HADA(梨子地肌)

NENKI-MEI(年紀銘)

NIE-DEKI(沸出来)

NIE-KUZURE(沸崩れ)

NIJUBA(二重刃)

NIOI-DEKI(匂出来)

NIOI-GIRE(匂い切れ)

NIOIKUCHI(匂口)

NOTARE(のたれ)


O

O-MARU(大丸)

O-SUJIKAI(大筋違)

O-SURIAGE(大磨上)

ORIGAMI(折り紙)

ORIKAESHI-MEI(折り返し銘)

OSAKA SHINTO(大阪新刀)

OSAKA YAKIDASHI(大阪焼出し)

OSORAKU-ZUKURI(おそらく造り)


S

SAIDAN-MEI(裁断銘)

SAIHA(再刃)

SAKA-CHOJI(逆丁子)

SANBON-SUGI(三本杉)

SENGOKU PERIOD(戦国時代)

SHINGANE(心鉄)

SHINOGI-JI(鎬地)

SHINOGI-SUJI(鎬筋)

SHINOGI-ZUKURI(鎬造)

SHINTO(新刀)

SHINSHINTO(新々刀)

SHIRASAYA(白鞘)

SHOBU-ZUKURI(菖蒲造)

SHOWATO(昭和刀)

SHU-MEI(朱銘)

SOSHU Tradition(相州伝)

SOTOBA-NAKAGO(卒塔婆茎)

SORI(反り)

SUDARE-BA(簾刃)

SUGUHA(直刃)

SUGU-YAKIDASHI(直焼出し)

SUJIKAI(筋違) 

SUNAGASHI(砂流し)

SURIAGE(磨上)


T

TACHI ( 太刀)

TAKANOHA(鷹の羽)

TAMESHIGIRI(試し斬り)

TANAGO-BARA-NAKAGO(たなご腹茎)

TANTO (短刀)

TENPO Era(天保)

TOBIYAKI(飛焼き)

TOGARI(尖り)

TORANBA(濤瀾刃)

TORIJI(通字)

TSUBA(鍔)


U

UBU-NAKAGO(生ぶ茎)

UMEGANE(埋め金)

UTSURI(映り)


W

WAKIZASHI (脇差)

WAZAMONO(業物)


Y

YAKIBA(焼き刃)

YAKIDASHI(焼出し)

YAKIIRE (焼入れ)

YAKIOTOSHI(焼落とし)

YAKIZUME(焼詰)

YAMASHIRO Tradition(山城伝)

YAMATO Tradition(大和伝)

YASURIME(鑢目)

YO(葉)

YOKOTE(横手)


Z

ZURYOUMEI(受領名)

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