JAPANESE SWORD GLOSSARY A to Z

The glossary is here to help you better understand important terms and background of the Japanese sword.
You can sort of the table by article and category. The search box allows you to search and search for any word on the list.

ArticleCategory
ASHI(足)Hamon
ATOBORI(後彫り)Carving
AYASUGI-HADA(綾杉肌)Hada
OUEI BIZEN(応永備前)Sword Type
BOHI(棒樋)Carving
BOSHI(帽子)Boshi
CHIKEI(地景)Other
CHOJI(丁子)Hamon
CHOKUTO(直刀)Sword Shape
DAIMYO TOROKU(大名登録)Appraisal
EDO-YAKIDASHI(江戸焼出し)Hamon
FUKURA(ふくら)Kissaki
FUKURE(脹れ)Flaw
GAKU-MEI(額銘)Mei
GENDAITO(現代刀)Sword Type
GOKADEN(五ヶ伝)Appraisal
GUNOME(互の目)Hamon
GYAKU-TAKANOHA(逆鷹の羽)Yasurime
HADA(肌)Hada
HAGIRE(刃切れ)Flaw
HAKIKAKE(掃掛け)Boshi
HAKOBA(箱刃)Hamon
HA-MACHI(刃区)Nakago
HAMON(刃文)Hamon
HIRA-JI(平地)Constuction
HIRA-ZUKURI(平造)Construction
HITATSURA(皆焼)Hamon
HONAMI(本阿弥)Appraisal
HYOTAN-BA(瓢箪刃)Hamon
ICHIMAI BOSHI(一枚帽子)Boshi
IKUBI-KISSAKI(猪首切先)Kissaki
IORI-MUNE(庵棟)Mune
JIZO(地蔵)Boshi
JUKA-CHOJI(重花丁子)Hamon
JUMONJI-YARI(十文字槍)Sword Shape
JUZU-BA(数珠刃)Hamon
KAEN(火焔)Boshi
KAERI(返り)Boshi
KAKI-BOSHI(書き帽子)Boshi
KAKU-MUNE(角棟)Mune
KANMURI-OTOSHI(冠落とし)Construction
KARASU-GUCHI(烏口)Flaw
KATAKIRIHA-ZUKURI(片切刃造)Construction
KATA-SUJIKAI(片筋違)Yasurime
KATANA(刀)Sword Shape
KATATEUCHI(片手打ち)Sword Type
KAWAGANE(皮鉄)Other
KAZU-UCHI(数打ち)Sword Type
KESHO(化粧)Yasurime
KEN(剣)Sword Shape
KINSUJI(金筋)Hamon
KINPUN-MEI(金粉銘)Mei
KIRI(切)Yasurime
KATAKIRIHA-ZUKURI(片切刃造)Construction
KISSAKI(切先)Kissaki
KITAE-WARE(鍛え割れ)Flaw
KOBUSHI-CHOJI(拳丁子)Hamon
KOGAI(笄)Fitting
KOGATANA(小刀)Fitting
KO-MARU(小丸)Boshi
KONUKA-HADA(小糠肌)Hada
KOSHIBA(腰刃)Hamon
KOTO(古刀)Sword Type
KUICHIGAIBA(喰違刃)Hamon
KUWANA-UCHI(桑名打ち)Sword Type
MACHIOKURI (区送り)Nakago
MARU-MUNE(丸棟)Mune
MASAME-HADA(柾目肌)Hada
MATSUKAWA-HADA(松皮肌)Hada
MEI(銘)Mei
MEKUGI(目釘)Nakago
MEKUGI-ANA(目釘穴)Nakago
MIDARE(乱れ)Hamon
MIDARE-KOMI(乱れ込み)Boshi
MINO Tradition(美濃伝)Appraisal
MISHINA SCHOOL(三品派)Boshi
MITSU-MUNE(三つ棟)Mune
MIZUKAGE(水影)Hamon
MASAME-HADA(柾目肌)Hada
MONOUCHI(物打ち)Other
MUMEI(無銘)Mei
MUNE(棟)Mune
MUNE-MACHI(棟区)Nakago
NAKAGO(茎)Nakago
NAGAMAKI(長巻)Sword Shape
NAGINATA(薙刀)Sword Shape
NAGINATA-NAOSHI(薙刀直し)Sword Shape
NASHIJI-HADA(梨子地肌)Hada
NBTHKAppraisal
NENKI-MEI(年紀銘)Mei
NIE-DEKI(沸出来)Hamon
NIE-KUZURE(沸崩れ)Boshi
NIJUBA(二重刃)Hamon
NIOI-DEKI(匂出来)Hamon
NIOI-GIRE(匂い切れ)Hamon
NIOIKUCHI(匂口)Hamon
NOTARE(のたれ)Hamon
O-MARU(大丸)Boshi
O-SUJIKAI(大筋違)Yasurime
O-SURIAGE(大磨上)Nakago
ORIGAMI(折り紙)Appraisal
ORIKAESHI-MEI(折り返し銘)Mei
OSAKA SHINTO(大阪新刀)Sword Type
OSAKA YAKIDASHI(大阪焼出し)Hamon
OSORAKU-ZUKURI(おそらく造り)Construction
SAIDAN-MEI(裁断銘)Mei
SAIHA(再刃)Hamon
SAKA-CHOJI(逆丁子)Hamon
SANBON-SUGI(三本杉)Hamon
SASAHO-YARI(笹穂槍)Sword Shape
SAYAGAKI(鞘書き)Appraisal
SENGOKU PERIOD(戦国時代)Background
SHINGANE(心鉄)Other
SHINOGI-SUJI(鎬筋)Construction
SHINOGI-SUJI(鎬筋)Construction
SHINOGI-ZUKURI(鎬造)Construction
SHINTO(新刀)Sword Type
SHINSHINTO(新々刀)Sword Type
SHIRASAYA(白鞘)Other
SHOBU-ZUKURI(菖蒲造)Construction
SHOWATO(昭和刀)Sword Type
SHU-MEI(朱銘)Mei
SOSHU Tradition(相州伝)Appraisal
SOTOBA-NAKAGO(卒塔婆茎)Nakago
SORI(反り)Constuction
SUDARE-BA(簾刃)Hamon
SUGUHA(直刃)Hamon
SUGU-YAKIDASHI(直焼出し)Hamon
SUJIKAI(筋違) Yasurime
SUNAGASHI(砂流し)Hamon
SUMIGOMORI(炭籠り)Flaw
SURIAGE(磨上)Nakago
TACHI(太刀)Sword Shape
TAGANE-MAKURA(鏨枕)Nakago
TAKANOHA(鷹の羽)Yasurime
TAMESHIGIRI(試し斬り)Background
TANAGO-BARA-NAKAGO(たなご腹茎)Nakago
TANTO (短刀)Sword Shape
TOBIYAKI(飛焼き)Hamon
TOGARI(尖り)Boshi
TORANBA(濤瀾刃)Hamon
TORIJI(通字)Mei
TOROKUSHO(登録書)Appraisal
UBUHA(生ぶ刃)Appraisal
UBU-NAKAGO(生ぶ茎)Nakago
UMEGANE(埋め金)Flaw
UTSURI(映り)Hamon
UTSUSHI(写し)Sword Type
WAKIZASHI (脇差)Sword Shape
WAZAMONO(業物)Sword Type
YAKIBA(焼き刃)Hamon
YAKIDASHI(焼出し)Hamon
YAKIIRE(焼き入れ)Hamon
YAKIOTOSHI(焼落とし)Hamon
YAKIZUME(焼詰)Boshi
YAMASHIRO Tradition(山城伝)Appraisal
YAMATO Tradition(大和伝)Appraisal
YASUKUNI-TO(靖国刀)Sword Type
YASURIME(鑢目)Yasurime
YO(葉)Hamon
YOKOTE(横手)Construction
YOROI-DOSHI(鎧通し)Sword Shape
ZOKUMEI(俗名)Mei
ZURYOUMEI(受領名)Mei
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